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[公告] 「港台學術資訊」不是我的微博

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Eastern Han (AD 25-220) Tombs in Sichuan

Author: 
Xuan Chen 陳軒

Publication Year:
2015

Publisher:
Verlag: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd. 




Abstract:

This work explores the many factors underlying the extended popularity of the cliff tomb, a local burial form in the Sichuan Basin in China during the Eastern Han dynasty (AD 25-220). The development of the cliff tomb was linked to a complex set of connections involved with burial forms, and continued through associations with many other contemporary burial practices: brick chamber tombs, stone chamber tombs, and princely rock-cut tombs. These connections and links formed to a large extent through the incorporation of the Sichuan region within the Empire, which began in the fourth century BC. It was as part of this overall context that a series of factors contributed to the formation and popularity of the cliff tombs in Sichuan. The hilly topography and the soft sandstone, easy to cut, provided a natural resource for the development of cliff tombs. The present book, therefore, analyses the decisions behind the exploitation of this natural resource, which were also affected by many complexities rooted in the social background. The inherent nature of the cliff tomb structure is fully explored, followed by an investigation into the corresponding innovations involving pictorial carvings and burial objects. The meanings behind the seemingly continuous ‘family’ associated with the cliff tomb structure are also explored, as the construction of the tomb resulted from the continuous endeavours of many generations, and the physical appearance of the cliff tomb becomes a metaphor for family prosperity.

Table of Contents:

List of figures
Preface 

Chapter 1 Introduction

1. Major Burial Types in Eastern Han
2. Development of Burial Form in the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220) 
3. The Social Background 
4. Textual Sources 
5. Archaeological Discoveries 
6. Literature Review 
7. Research Approaches 
8. Chapter Outline 

Chapter 2 Tomb Structure 

1. Archaeological Evidence 
2. Stone as Building Material
3. Wooden Architecture as Framework of Representation
4. Important Structure for Ritual and Sacrifice 
5. Conclusion 

Chapter 3 Pictorial Carvings 

1. Pictorial Carvings in Stone and Brick Chamber Tombs:
Communication between Sichuan and East China
2. Pictorial Carvings in the Shrine 
3. Pictorial Carvings and Memorial in the Cliff Tomb 
4. Pictorial carvings and the Representation of Ritual in the Cliff Tomb 
5. Conclusion 

Chapter 4 Burial Objects

1. Plan of Burial Objects
2. The Money Tree 
3. Stone Coffin
4. Conclusion 

Chapter 5 Conclusion 

Bibliography

Appendix 1 Stories of Filial Sons and Eminent Men and Women Carved
in the Cliff tombs in Sichuan 

Appendix 2 Eastern Han High Officials of the Areas Outside Sichuan
from the Sichuan Area 

Appendix 3 Eastern Han Cliff Tombs Excavated in the Sichuan Area 


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