Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Complexity of Interaction along the Eurasian Steppe Zone in the first Millennium CE

Jan Bemmann & Michael Schmauder

Bonn : Vor- und Frühgeschichtliche Archäologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität

Publication Year:

Table of Contents:

PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Nomadic Empires in Inner Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

China-Steppe Relations in Historical Perspective. . . . .. . . . . . . . 49

Empire Dynamics and Inner Asia. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .73

Hierarchies: A Long-range Agent Model of Power, Conflict, and
Environment in Inner Asia . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Environmental Aspects of Chinese Antiquity: Problems of
Interpretation and Chronological Correlation . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115


The Southern Xiongnu in Northern China: Navigating and Negotiating
the Middle Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

A Study on the Complexity and Dynamics of Interaction and Exchange in
Late Iron Age Eurasia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

Arsacid Iran and the Nomads of Central Asia – Ways of Cultural Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333


The Model of the Political Transformation of the Da Liao as an Alternative
to the Evolution of the Structures of Authority in the Early Medieval Pastoral Empires of Mongolia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391

Strategies of Cohesion and Control in the Türk and Uyghur Empires. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437

Away from the Ötüken: A Geopolitical Approach to the seventh Century
Eastern Türks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453

Luxurious Necessities: Some Observations on Foreign Commodities and Nomadic Polities in Central Asia in the sixth to ninth Centuries . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463

The Turkic World in Maḥmûd al-Kâshgharî . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503

On the Road again – Diplomacy and Trade from a Chinese Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557

The Qarakhanids’ Eastern Exchange: Preliminary Notes on the Silk Roads
in the eleventh and twelfth Centuries. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575

Forces and Resources. Remarks on the Failing Regional State of
Sulṭānšāh b. Il Arslan Ḫwārazmšāh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .597

Old-Turkish Roots of Chinggis Khan’s “Golden Clan”. Continuity of
Genesis. Typology of Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 623


Dealing with Non-State Societies: The failed Assassination Attempt against
Attila (449 CE) and Eastern Roman Hunnic Policy . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 635

The Gupta Empire in the Face of the Hunnic Threat. Parallels to the
Late Roman Empire? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659

Huns, Avars, Hungarians – Reflections on the Interaction between Steppe Empires in Southeast Europe and the Late Roman to Early Byzantine Empires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671

Huns, Avars, Hungarians – Comparative Perspectives based on Written Evidence . . . . . . . . . 693

INDEX OF AUTHORS. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 703

Monday, December 28, 2015

The Good Life and Conceptions of Life in Early China and Graeco-Roman Antiquity

King, R.A.H.

Publication Year:

Berlin: De Gruyter


Chinese and Greek ethics remain influential in modern philosophy, yet it is unclear how they can be compared to one another. This volume, following its predecssor 'How should one live?' (DeGruyter 2011), is a contribution to comparative ethics, loosely centered on the concepts of life and the good life. Methods of comparing ethics are treated in three introductory chapters (R.A.H.King, Ralph Weber, G.E.R. Lloyd), followed by chapters on core issues in each of the traditions: human nature (David Wong, Guo Yi), ghosts (Paul Goldin), happiness (Christoph Harbsmeier), pleasure (Michael Nylan), qi (Elisabeth Hsu & Zhang Ruqing), cosmic life and individual life (Dennis Schilling), the concept of mind (William Charlton), knowledge and happiness (Jörg Hardy), filial piety (Richard Stalley), the soul (Hua-kuei Ho), anddeliberation (Thomas Buchheim). The volume closes with three essays in comparison - Mencius and the Stoics (R.A.H. King), equanimity (Lee Yearley), autonomy and the good life (Lisa Raphals). An index locorum each for Chinese and Greco-Roman authors, and a general index complete the volume.

Table of Contents:

Pages I-IV

Pages V-VI

Table of Contents

I. Methods

King, R.A.H.
Pages 3-20

Models for living in ancient Greece and China
Lloyd, G.E.R.
Pages 21-28

On Comparing Ancient Chinese and Greek Ethics: The tertium comparationis as Tool of Analysis and Evaluation
Weber, Ralph
Pages 29-56

II. China

The Consciousness of the Dead as a Philosophical Problem in Ancient China
Goldin, Paul R.
Pages 59-92

The Ideas of Human Nature in Early China
Yi, Guo
Pages 93-116

Cosmic Life and Human Life in the “Book of Changes”
Schilling, Dennis
Pages 117-144

Good Fortune and Bliss in Early China
Harbsmeier, Christoph
Pages 145-156

Bing-distress in the Zuo zhuan: the not-so-good-life, the social self and moral sentiment among persons of rank in Warring States China
Hsu, Elisabeth
Pages 157-180

Pleasures and Delights, Sustaining and Consuming
Nylan, Michael
Pages 181-210

III. Greece and Rome

Is the Concept of the Mind Parochial?
Charlton, William
Pages 213-226

Taking Thoughts about Life seriously
Hardy, Jörg
Pages 227-246

Filial Piety in Plato
Stalley, Richard
Pages 247-264

The Good Life for Plato’s Tripartite Soul
Ho, Hua-kuei
Pages 265-280

Good counsel and the role of logos for human excellence
Buchheim, Thomas
Pages 281-302

Hedonê in the Poets and Epicurus
Erler, Michael
Pages 303-318

IV. Comparisons

Autonomy, Fate, Divination and the Good Life
Raphals, Lisa
Pages 321-340

Mencius and the Stoics – tui and oikeiôsis
King, R.A.H.
Pages 341-362

The Role and Pursuit of the Virtue of Equanimity in Ancient China and Greece
Yearley, Lee H.
Pages 363-386

Index locorum
Pages 387-394

General index of subjects
Pages 395-402

Sunday, December 27, 2015

Art and Archaeology of the Erligang Civilization 二里崗文明的藝術與考古

Kyle Steinke & Dora C.Y. Ching.

Princeton University Press

Publication Year:


Named after an archaeological site discovered in 1951 in Zhengzhou, China, the Erligang civilization arose in the Yellow River valley around the middle of the second millennium BCE. Shortly thereafter, its distinctive elite material culture spread to a large part of China's Central Plain, in the south reaching as far as the banks of the Yangzi River. The Erligang culture is best known for the remains of an immense walled city at Zhengzhou, a smaller site at Panlongcheng in Hubei, and a large-scale bronze industry of remarkable artistic and technological sophistication.

This richly illustrated book is the first in a western language devoted to the Erligang culture. It brings together scholars from a variety of disciplines, including art history and archaeology, to explore what is known about the culture and its spectacular bronze industry. The opening chapters introduce the history of the discovery of the culture and its most important archaeological sites. Subsequent essays address a variety of important methodological issues related to the study of Erligang, including how to define the culture, the usefulness of cross-cultural comparative study, and the difficulty of reconciling traditional Chinese historiography with archaeological discoveries. The book closes by examining the role the Erligang civilization played in the emergence of the first bronze-using societies in south China and the importance of bronze studies in the training of Chinese art historians.

Table of Contents:

Contributors 7
Foreword and Acknowledgments 9
Preface 11


1. Erligang Bronzes and the Discovery of the Erligang Culture 19
Robert Bagley

2. Erligang: A Perspective from Panlongcheng
Zhang Changping 51


3. China's First Empire? Interpreting the Material Record of the Erligang Expansion 67
Wang Haicheng

4. Civilizations and Empires: A Perspective on Erligang from Early Egypt 99
John Baines

5. Erligang: A Tale of Two "Civilizations" 121
Roderick Campbell

6. The Politics of Maps, Pottery, and Archaeology: Hidden Assumptions in Chinese Bronze Age Archaeology 137
Yung-ti Li


7. Erligang and the Southern Bronze Industries 151
Kyle Steinke

8. Erligang Contacts South of the Yangzi River: The Expansion of Interaction Networks in Early Bronze Age Hunan 173
Robin McNeal


9. Bronzes and the History of Chinese Art 191
Maggie Bickford

References 213
Index 226
Image Credits 235

Saturday, December 26, 2015

西域與東瀛——中古時代經典寫本國際學術研討會 Western Regions and Japan: The International Conference on Medieval Manuscripts





8:30—8:50 開幕式


第一場(西部校區 會議中心1樓1號會議室)

第二場(西部校區 會議中心1樓1號會議室)

第三場(西部校區 會議中心1樓1號會議室)


Monday, December 21, 2015

A Little Primer of Chinese Oracle-Bone Inscriptions with Some Exercises

TAKASHIMA, Ken-ichi 髙嶋謙一

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz

Publication Year:


Indispensable to the study of the history of Chinese religion, politics, agriculture, the calendar system, hunting, warfare, medicine, sacrificial and ritual practices, and other matters of life in China’s first historical dynasty, these more than 130,000 pieces of inscribed turtle plastrons and bovine scapulas, though mostly fragmented ones, comprise more text in terms of number of characters than the combined transmitted traditional pre-Qín classical Chinese texts.

The material will be presented in three forms: normalized transcriptions of the texts into modern standard Chinese script, translations into English, and ink-squeezes or rubbings of the original texts. There is also a detailed linguistic and philological explanation of the text, plus an annotation, and commentary on the cultural and historical background of the material. No special background in analyzing grammar and syntax will be required to understand most, if not all, of the materials presented in this Little Primer.

Table of Contents:

Preface ..................... vii
List of Figures and Tables......................... ix
Chinese Oracle-Bone Inscriptions
  Piece 1-38 ............................................................................ 1
  Zhōuyuán jiǎgǔ kècí 周原甲骨刻辭 ..............................................157
  Map of Yīnxū 殷墟 ............................................... 166
Appendix: A Short Annotated Bibliography* ................................ 167

Thursday, December 17, 2015

Early Medieval Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide

Cynthia L. Chennault (Author), Keith N. Knapp (Author), Alan J. Berkowitz (Author), Albert E. Dien (Author)

Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley

Publication Year:


A guide to primary sources that date from China's early medieval period (late third through sixth centuries) and to later anthologies or reference works concerning them. Ninety-eight essays, arranged alphabetically by title, discuss authorship, contents, history of editions, traditional commentaries and assessments, modern scholarship, and translations; subject index included. 

Table of Contents:




Publication Year:



Table of Contents:

はじめに 大江篤

Ⅰ 記す・伝える
霊験寺院の造仏伝承―怪異・霊験譚の伝播・伝承 大江 篤
『風土記』と『儀式帳』―恠異と神話の媒介者たち 榎村寛之
【コラム】境界を越えるもの―『出雲国風土記』の鬼と神 久禮旦雄
奈良時代・仏典注釈と霊異―善珠『本願薬師経鈔』と「起屍鬼」 山口敦史
【コラム】古文辞学から見る「怪」―荻生徂徠『訳文筌蹄』『論語徴』などから 木場貴俊
「妖怪名彙」ができるまで  化野燐

Ⅱ 語る・あらわす
メディアとしての能と怪異  久留島元
江戸の知識人と〈怪異〉への態度―〝幽冥の談〞を軸に 今井秀和
【コラム】怪異が現れる場所としての軒・屋根・天井 山本陽子
クダンと見世物 笹方政紀
【コラム】霊を捉える―心霊学と近代の作家たち 一柳廣孝
「静坐」する柳田国男 村上紀夫

Ⅲ 読み解く・鎮める
遣唐使の慰霊 山田雄司
安倍吉平が送った「七十二星鎮」 水口幹記
【コラム】戸隠御師と白澤  熊澤美弓
天変を読み解く―天保十四年白気出現一件 杉岳志
【コラム】陰陽頭土御門晴親と「怪異」 梅田千尋
吉備の陰陽師 上原大夫  木下浩

Ⅳ 辿る・比べる
王充『論衡』の世界観を読む―災異と怪異、鬼神をめぐって 佐々木聡
中国の仏教者と予言・讖詩―仏教流入期から南北朝時代まで  佐野誠子
【コラム】中国の怪夢と占夢  清水洋子
中国中世における陰陽家の第一人者―蕭吉の学と術 余欣(翻訳:佐々木聡・大野裕司)
台湾道教の異常死者救済儀礼   山田明広
【コラム】琉球の占術文献と占者 山里純一
【コラム】韓国の暦書の暦注  全勇勳
アラブ地域における夢の伝承 近藤久美子
【コラム】〈驚異〉を媒介する旅人 山中由里子

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

The Sinitic Encounter in Southeast China through the First Millennium CE

Clark, Hugh R

University Of Hawai'i Press

Publication Year:

This work engages two of the most neglected themes in China’s long history: the integration of lands south of the Yangtze River into China and its impact on Chinese culture. The roots of Chinese civilization are commonly traced to the North. For millennia after the foundations of the northern culture had been laid, the South was not part of its mandate, and long after the imperial center had claimed political control in the late first millennium BCE, it remained culturally distinct. Yet for the past one thousand years the South has been the cultural, demographic, economic—and, on occasion, political—center of China. The process whereby this was accomplished has long been overlooked in Chinese historiography.

Hugh Clark offers a new perspective on the process of assimilation and accommodation that led to the new alignment. He begins by focusing on the stages of encounter between the sinitic north and the culturally diverse and alien south. Initially northerners and southerners looked on each other with antipathy: To the former, the non-sinitic inhabitants of the South were “barbarians.” To these “barbarians,” northerners were arrogantly hegemonic. Such attitudes led to patterns of resistance and alienation across the South that endured for many centuries until, as Clark suggests, the South grew in importance within the empire—a development that was finally recognized under the Song.

Clark’s approach to the second theme poses a fundamental challenge to what is meant by “Chinese culture.” Drawing on his long familiarity with southern Fujian, he closely examines the pre-sinitic cultural and religious heritage as well as later cults on the southeast coast to argue that an enduring legacy of pre-sinitic indigenous southern culture contributed significantly to late imperial and modern China, effectively challenging the paradigm of northern cultural hegemony that has dominated Chinese history for centuries.

The Sinitic Encounter in Southeast China is a path-breaking book that puts long-neglected issues back on the historian’s table for further investigation.

Table of Contents:

"The civilizing mission" and the historiographical context
Northern perceptions of the pre-Sinitic south
The Sinitic accommodation with the south
Social innovation in the eleventh century and the debates on civilization
The central coast through the eighth century
The Sinitic encounter
Cults of the Sinitic era: a narrative of appropriation and civilization
Civilizing the god of Baidu: a case study in civilizing strategy

Sunday, December 13, 2015


谷中信一 YANAKA Shin-ichi


Publication Year:


Table of Contents:

口絵 巻頭カラー4頁

       郭店楚墓竹簡 『老子』


北京大學藏西漢竹書 『老子』

第一章 郭店楚簡『老子』考

第二章 郭店楚簡『太一生水』 考

第三章 上博楚簡(七)『凡物流形』考

第四章 上博楚簡(三)『恆先』考

第五章 『莊子』天下篇考

第六章 いわゆる黄帝言考

第七章 『淮南子』道應訓所引『老子』考

第八章 『史記』老子傳に隱された眞實

第九章 北大漢簡『老子』の學術價値―「執一」概念を中心に

終 章

注・あとがき・索引(人名 書名 事項・國名)

Thursday, December 10, 2015

Daoism, Meditation, and the Wonders of Serenity: From the Latter Han Dynasty (25-220) to the Tang Dynasty (618-907)

Stephen Eskildsen

SUNY Press

Publication Year:


Stephen Eskildsen offers an overview of Daoist religious texts from the Latter Han (25–220) through Tang (618–907) periods, exploring passive meditation methods and their anticipated effects. These methods entailed observing the processes that unfold spontaneously within mind and body, rather than actively manipulating them by means common in medieval Daoist religion such as visualization, invocations, and the swallowing of breath or saliva. Through the resulting deep serenity, it was claimed, one could attain profound insights, experience visions, feel surges of vital force, overcome thirst and hunger, be cured of ailments, ascend the heavens, and gain eternal life.

While the texts discussed follow the legacy of Warring States period Daoism such as the Laozi to a significant degree, they also draw upon medieval immortality methods and Buddhism. An understanding of the passive meditation literature provides important insights into the subsequent development of Neidan, or Internal Alchemy, meditation that emerged from the Song period onward.

Table of Content:

1 Introduction   1

2 The Earliest-Known Daoist Religious Movements   29

3 Dramatic Physical and Sensory Effects   75

4 Integrating Buddhism: Earlier Phase   143

5 Integrating Buddhism: Emptiness and the Twofold Mystery   181

6 Serenity and the Reaffirmation of Physical Transformation   211

7 Serenity Primal Qi and Embryonic Breathing   241

8 Conclusion   277

Notes   305

Bibliography   353

Index   373

Monday, December 7, 2015

[Dissertation] Environmental Change and the Rise of the Qin Empire: A Political Ecology of Ancient North China

Lander, Brian G.


Columbia University

Feng Li



This thesis examines the long-term ecological transformation of the Guanzhong plain, capital region of China's ancient empires, from the origins of agriculture to the fall of the Qin Empire in 208 BCE. It employs textual, archaeological and paleoecological evidence to reconstruct the natural environment of the region and examine how it was transformed by the centralization of political power.

Following the introduction, the second chapter reconstructs the geology, climate and ecology of the region before it was converted to farming. After discussing potential reasons why the region was not forested, it describes the many wild animals that once lived there in order to help the reader imagine an ecosystem that has long since disappeared.

Chapter Three explores the environmental impacts of Neolithic and early Bronze Age societies, examining the formation of the North Chinese agricultural system through indigenous domestication and the arrival of already domesticated plants and animals from Central Asia. It also discusses the environmental impacts of these small-scale farming communities.

Chapter Four employs the Book of Odes and other evidence to analyze the human ecology of the Western Zhou period (1045-771 BC). It then considers the political ecology of the Western Zhou state, arguing that because it remained an alliance of independent economic units, it was far less aggressive towards the environment than later states despite its formidable military reach. 

Chapter Five begins by arguing that the constantly increasing scale of warfare in the subsequent Eastern Zhou period (771-221) prompted states to extend their control over resources and people, leading to the development of centralized bureaucracies. It also discusses the evidence for the origins and spread of iron tools and ox-drawn ploughs in early China.

Chapter Six focuses on the political history of Qin, beginning with its origins, occupation of the Guanzhong and consolidation up to the fourth century. The second half of the chapter discusses the reforms of Shang Yang, which greatly increased the power of the state over the environment, and the Zheng Guo canal project, which transformed the northeast of the plain.

Chapter Seven employs archaeologically excavated documents to analyze the political ecology of Qin during the reign of the First Emperor, who reigned from 246 to 210. Qin's power was based on its rank-based land grant system, state ownership of forests and wetlands, and the large-scale use of convict and slave labor. Because it was so centralized, the Qin state had a remarkable amount of control over how land was exploited in its domain. Although the empire did not last long, its centralized bureaucracy became the standard model of political organization in China, playing an important role in the spread of agricultural societies across the subcontinent.

Tuesday, December 1, 2015

International Conference on Buddhist Manuscript Cultures

January 15-17, 2016

The Buddhist Studies Workshop, Princeton University


AKAO Eikei (Kyoto National Museum), Two Outstanding Tang Manuscripts in the Kyoto National Museum’s Moriya Collection

Stefan Baums (Institute for Indian and Tibetan Studies, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich), Inventing the Pothi: Manuscript Formats and the Economy of Knowledge in Ancient India

Paul Copp (University of Chicago), Respondent

Brandon Dotson (Institute for Indian and Tibetan Studies, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich), Sutra Copying in Dunhuang under Tibetan Rule and the Meeting of Chinese and Tibetan Editorial and Cultural Assumptions

FUNAYAMA Toru (Kyoto University), Coping with Too Many Variants: A New Type of Edition of the “Scripture of Brahma's Net”

Imre Galambos (University of Cambridge), Links and Connections in Manuscripts Copied by Students

Matthew Kapstein (École pratique des Hautes Études), Respondent

KUO Liying (École française d’Extrême-Orient), The Early Sixth Century Dunhuang Manuscripts of a Fifth Century Dhāraṇī sūtra

Christian Lammerts (Rutgers University), Colophons and Post-Colophons in Buddhist Legal Manuscripts from Burma

Lother Ledderose (Heidelberg University), Keynote Lecture, Paper or Rock? Lessons from Mount Tai

Bryan D. Lowe (Vanderbilt University), Respondent

Justin McDaniel (University of Pennsylvania), Conference Discussant

OCHIAI Toshinori (International College for Advanced Buddhist Studies), A Manuscript Fragment of Woncheok’s Yogacara Commentary

Brian Ruppert (University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana), Great Notes (Maka shō), Assemblage Practices for Esoteric-ritual Shōgyō Manuscripts, and the Production of Lineage History in Early Medieval Japan

Stephen F. Teiser (Princeton University), Organizer

Abdurishid Yakup (Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities), On the Classification and Dating of Old Uyghur Block Prints of Buddhist Content

YU Xin (Fudan University), Sacred Space, Manuscripts, and Liturgies for Installing Parasols from Dunhuang

※ Please see the abstracts here:

Monday, November 30, 2015

Workshop on Zhangjiashan tomb 247 (張家山247號漢墓工作坊)

ERC project SAW (Research Group SPHERE) & 
Centre de recherche sur les civilisations de l’Asie orientale (CRCAO)

Paris Diderot University

November 25, 2015


From an observer’s viewpoint, the contents of a tomb like Zhangjiashan M247 can be disorientingly eclectic. And albeit arranged as a coherent whole by early Chinese actors, we historians tend to divvy such contents amongst us: the casket and pottery to the archaeologists, and the manuscripts to paleographers; regulations and ordinances to legal scholars, and recipe slips to historians of medicine. The aim of this workshop is to run counter to this practice and to explore what might be gained from approaching the tomb in its ensemble.

We already rely on one another’s puzzle pieces to situate our own, though we may not always understand the picture emerging in the other’s corner. We date the tomb to 186 BCE because of the “calendar,” but what do we really know about tomb and non-tomb calendrical tables? We identify the disintegrated occupant as a literate low-level administrator, but how expert are we in the funerary items and administrative texts upon which this assumption lies? One of the goals of this workshop is to debrief one another on the status of our own puzzle piece as it constitutes an element of context common to all (both within the tomb and the broader society and intellectual culture of the period). 

Equally valuable is sharing what our approaches to disparate tomb objects have taught each of us about their biography. We all want to know about how and why the manuscripts were produced, about the identity of the tomb occupant, and about what we can do with the archeological cross section of the manuscript horde (the last page of the Zhangjiashan M247 report), but the archaeologist is not always up to speed about the historian of mathematics’ analysis of scribal hands, nor the historian of mathematics about the legal historian’s work on physical and textual order, etc. The second goal of this workshop is therefore to debrief one another on how our materials may speak to common interests in manuscript studies.

To understand a single facet of a given tomb, we must strive to understand all of them, which is why we have decided to gather experts on fields as diverse as the contents of M247 itself to discuss the tomb, its manuscript corpus, and points of common interest concerning the production and transmission of text in early China. Papers will of course be focused on, rather than limited to, the M247, as the tomb and its contents are themselves pieces in a larger puzzle. We have chosen Zhangjiashan M247 because it provides an ideal point of convergence between our respective specialties, and because our experience with the tomb’s archaeological context and scribal hands has convinced us as organizers of the potential richness of focused exchange thereupon.


Alain Thote (EPHE, CNRS-CRCAO, France)
Les manuscrits de la région de Jingzhou au IIe s. avant notre ère : contexte archéologique

La tombe 247 de Zhangjiashan n’ayant pas été bien publiée à ce jour, il est impossible d’en étudier la forme et le contenu avec toute la précision requise. On s’emploiera plutôt à mettre en perspective cette découverte en faisant une synthèse des découvertes de la région qui en sont contemporaines, et en explorant les différents problèmes soulevés par la présence de manuscrits dans un petit nombre de tombes, parmi des milliers. La question des inventaires funéraires qianci   遣冊 sera aussi évoquée.

Enno Giele (Universität Heidelberg, Germany)
Tombs and Money

Ancient coins play a crucial role in archaeology. The presence or absence of datable denominations is often the basis for finding date ranges for ancient tombs as well. Tomb no. 247 at Zhangjiashan, however, thanks to its abundant legal manuscripts that contain different kinds of statutes and reports on money and other economic matters, allows us to consider the uses of ancient money outside tombs as well. The present paper will attempt to investigate the roles that money and texts on money may play in our interpretations of the Zhangjiashan and comparable tombs.

Daniel P. Morgan (Sphère, CNRS & University Paris Diderot, SAW Project)
What can you do with a Calendar? Extracting Facts, Stories, and Information otherwise pertinent to your own Field from a Table of Dates

The ‘calendar’ is one of the most common genres of manuscript extant from the Qin-Han era, and it is also one of the least studied. This is for good reason: even in the rare cases where they provide support for noting matters of public/private business and taboos, calendars barely have any story to tell except indirectly, in aggregate, via mathematical analysis. Rather than delve ourselves into questions as foreboding as the nature and workings of time, most of us rely upon the analyses of others to make use of these documents, particularly as relates to dating the excavated corpora to which they belong. In this talk, I shall provide a layman’s summary of what has been done with such sources to date and what use I think that any scholar of early China might derive from them. To begin, I will provide a typology of ‘calendars’ recovered from this period and discuss where the untitled lunation table from Zhangjiashan tomb 247 fits into the broader scheme of civil timekeeping. From there, we will narrow our focus to Zhangjiashan and examine how this specific ‘calendar’ relates to the rest of the tomb contents in terms of textual production, date, and function. Importantly, we will ask, for example, how the date of excavated ‘calendars’ are determined and what relation-ship we should expect them to bear with adjacent materials; we will also ask what handwriting analysis might reveal about the copying of the more evidently ‘personal’ texts in a given tomb. Above all, the question will be ‘How do I, as a scholar of administrative, medical, philosophical, or literary text, make simple use of calendars, and what rules of thumb should I bear in mind when assessing.

Ulrich Lau (University of Hamburg, Germany)
The legal manuscripts from Zhangjiashan tomb 247 revisited

Distinctive peculiarities of the legal manuscripts from Zhangjiashan tomb 247 become apparent by comparing them with recently discovered legal manuscripts from Qin which have been purchased in 2007 on the antique market in Hongkong by the Yuelu Academy Changsha. They both contain a collection of exemplary criminal cases and a compilation of statutes and ordinances. Comparative study of these manuscripts promise to provide new evidence relating to the formation of Chinese legal terminology, of the system and hierarchy of punishments and of principles for determining punishment. Different stages and many details of criminal procedure can be analysed on the basis of exemplary criminal cases. The paper will show that there were different reasons for why a particular case had exemplary character and was suited for being included into the collection. The reasons varied depending on the category to which a case belongs. It is therefore necessary to classify the cases according to inherent formal and content-related criteria. The paper will mainly focus on those categories which were new in the manuscripts from Zhangjiashan. The investigation of both collections of legislative texts has indicated differences in the number of statutes, in the wording of statutory provisions and in the subsumption of individual provisions under statutes. Some reasons for the selection of statutes and ordinances will be explored. In a further step, the paper will deal with the legal manuscripts in relation to the tomb occupant. This raises the question of whether hints on his background, social status and profession can be found in the legal and other manuscripts. Finally, the legal manuscripts will be considered in the context of other tomb texts from Zhangjiashan, in order to determine whether and how law and other important fields of early Chinese knowledge were interrelated.

Thies Staack (CSMC, University of Hamburg, Germany)
Legal Manuscripts from Tombs: Some Reflections on their Possible Compilation, Use and Function

During the last forty years students of early Chinese law have – like all scholars in the field of early Chinese history more generally – witnessed a rapid increase of their sources. Manuscripts that were excavated from different sites such as tombs or ancient wells have highly enriched the picture we have of pre-imperial and early imperial law. While most research in this area was and still is done by historians of law who are mainly interested in texts and their content, comparatively few researchers have focused on the materiality and the context of the manuscripts which contain these texts, be they collections of statutes or ordinances, criminal case records, or others.This paper will investigate legal manuscripts from two different collections that were (certainly or at least very likely) excavated from early imperial tombs: The manuscripts from Zhangjiashan tomb no. 247 and those in the Yuelu Academy collection. How were the legal manuscripts in these collections compiled and what might have been the motives behind this? Were the manuscripts made especially for burial or had they originally been used by a legal official during his work or as teaching material? Do we find traces of use and/or editorial work (corrections, collation marks, etc.)? A codicological and palaeographical analysis could shed some light on these and related questions. And although the old question why (legal) manuscripts were put into tombs might not be solvable, it might prove useful to know whether the manuscripts from the two mentioned collections had a “life” before they became burial objects, and if so, what that life was probably like.

Saturday, November 28, 2015

A Companion to Chinese Art

Martin J. Powers & Katherine R. Tsiang

Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell 

Publication Year:

Exploring the history of art in China from its earliest incarnations to the present day, this comprehensive volume includes two dozen newly-commissioned essays spanning the theories, genres, and media central to Chinese art and theory throughout its history.

Table of Contents:

List of Figures xi
Notes on Contributors xv

Introduction 1
Martin J. Powers and Katherine R. Tsiang

Part I Production and Distribution 27

1 Court Painting 29
Patricia Ebrey

2 The Culture of Art Collecting in Imperial China 47
Scarlett Jang

3 Art, Print, and Cultural Discourse in Early Modern China 73
J. P. Park

4 Art and Early Chinese Archaeological Materials 91
Xiaoneng Yang

Part II Representation and Reality 113

5 Figure Painting: Fragments of the Precious Mirror 115
Shane McCausland

6 The Language of Portraiture in China 136
Dora C. Y. Ching

7 Visualizing the Divine in Medieval China 158
Katherine R. Tsiang

8 Landscape 177
Peter C. Sturman

9 Concepts of Architectural Space in Historical Chinese Thought 195
Cary Y. Liu

10 Time in Early Chinese Art 212
Eugene Y. Wang

Part III Theories and Terms 233

11 The Art of “Ritual Artifacts” (Liqi 禮器): Discourse and Practice 235
Wu Hung

12 Classification, Canon, and Genre 254
Richard Vinograd

13 Conceptual and Qualitative Terms in Historical Perspective 277
Ronald Egan

14 Imitation and Originality, Theory and Practice 293
Ginger Cheng-chi Hs¨u

15 Calligraphy 312
Qianshen Bai

16 Emptiness-Substance: Xushi 329
Jason C. Kuo

Part IV Objects and Persons 349

17 Artistic Status and Social Agency 351
Martin J. Powers

18 Ornament in China 371
Jessica Rawson

19 Folding Fans and Early Modern Mirrors 392
Antonia Finnane

20 Garden Art 410
Xin Wu

21 Commercial Advertising Art in 1840–1940s “China” 431
Tani E. Barlow

Part V Word and Image 455

22 Words in Chinese Painting 457
Alfreda Murck

23 On the Origins of Literati Painting in the Song Dynasty 474
Jerome Silbergeld

24 Poetry and Pictorial Expression in Chinese Painting 499
Susan Bush

25 Popular Literature and Visual Culture in Early Modern China 517
Jianhua Chen

Index 535