Monday, January 28, 2019

Three Manichaean Sogdian letters unearthed in Bäzäklik, Turfan (ベゼクリク千仏洞出土のマニ教ソグド語手紙文研究)

Author:
Yutaka YOSHIDA(吉田豊)

Publisher:
臨川書店

Publication date:
January 2019

Abstract:

1981年に中華人民共和国ウイグル自治区のトルファン市の北東に位置するベゼクリク千仏洞の遺跡から発見され、世界的に注目を集めながら本格的な紹介がこれまでなされなかったマニ教ソグド語文書3点をめぐって、そのテクスト・翻訳・註釈・語彙を提出すると共に、その歴史的背景及びソグド語手紙文の書式一般を論じる(全文英文)。

Table of Contents:
Plates and maps

Preface

Bibliography

Abbreviations

Part I: Introduction
1 Discovery of the letters and the previous studies
2 The Contents and Dating of the letters
3 Possible places of dispatch: the problem of Twδ kδ mentioned in Letter B
Excursus: The name of Samarqand attested in a Turfan fragment
4 Relationship between the Manichaeans resident in the West Uighur Kingdom and those in Samarqand and the territory of the Karakhanid Kingdom
5 Seat of archegos in Turfan?

Part II: Epistolary formula of the three Bäzäklik letters and other Sogdian letters
1 Structual components of the letters
2 Continuity of formulaic phrases
3 Model letters
4 Recurring expressions
Excursus: Seal impressions

Part III: Text, translation, and commentaries
1 Introduction: Description of the manuscripts and their paleographical and linguistic features
2 Letter A
3 Letter B
4 Letter C

Glossary

Index

Lists of plates, maps, tables and figures

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Jade Mountains and Cinnabar Pools: The History of Travel Literature in Imperial China

Author:
James M. Hargett

Publisher:
Seattle: University of Washington Press

Publication date:
December 2018




Abstract:
First-hand accounts of travel provide windows into places unknown to the reader, or new ways of seeing familiar places. In Jade Mountains and Cinnabar Pools, the first book-length treatment in English of Chinese travel literature (youji 遊記), James M. Hargett identifies and examines core works in the genre, from the Six Dynasties period (220-581), when its essential characteristics emerged, to its florescence in the late Ming dynasty (1368-1644). He traces the dynamic process through which the genre, most of which was written by scholars and officials, developed, and shows that key features include a journey toward an identifiable place; essay or diary format; description of places, phenomena, and conditions, accompanied by authorial observations, comments, and even personal feelings; inclusion of sensory details; and narration of movement through space and time.

Travel literature's inclusion of a variety of writing styles and purposes has made it hard to delineate. Hargett finds, however, that classic pieces of Chinese travel literature reveal much about the author, his values, and his view of the world, which in turn tells us about the author's society, making travel literature a rich source of historical information.

Table of Contents:
Introduction
Harbingers in the Six dynasties
Articulation in the Tang
Maturity in the Song
Transition and innovation in the Jin, Yuan, and early to mid-Ming
The golden age of travel writing in the late Ming


Friday, January 25, 2019

Cultivating a Good Life in Early Chinese and Ancient Greek Philosophy: Perspectives and Reverberations

Editors: 
Karyn Lai, Rick Benitez, Hyun Jin Kim

Publication date:
December 2018

Publisher:
Bloomsbury





Abstract:
This book engages in cross-tradition scholarship, investigating the processes associated with cultivating or nurturing the self in order to live good lives. Both Ancient Chinese and Greek philosophers provide accounts of the life lived well: a Confucian junzi, a Daoist sage and a Greek phronimos.

By focusing on the processes rather than the aims of cultivating a good life, an international team of scholars investigate how a person develops and practices a way of life especially in these two traditions. They look at what is involved in developing practical wisdom, exercising reason, cultivating equanimity and fostering reliability. Drawing on the insights of thinkers including Plato, Confucius, Han Fei and Marcus Aurelius, they examine themes of harmony, balance and beauty, highlight the different concerns of scepticism across both traditions, and discuss action as an indispensable method of learning and, indeed, as constitutive of self. The result is a valuable collection opening up new lines of inquiry in ethics, demonstrating the importance of philosophical ideas from across cultural traditions.

Table of Contents:

Introduction (Karyn Lai, Rick Benitez, Hyun Jin Kim)

Part I: Harmony, Balance, Beauty: Understanding Conceptions of Cultivation

1. Cultivation and Harmony: Plato and Confucius (Rick Benitez, University of Sydney, Australia)

2. Cultivating Noble Simplicity: Plato (L.M.J. Coulson, University of Sydney, Australia)

3. The Beauty Ladder and the Mind-heart Excursion: Plato and Zhuangzi (Wang Keping, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing)

4. Awareness and Spontaneity: Three Perspectives in the Zhuangzi (Lisa Raphals, University of California, Riverside, USA)

5. Understanding “Dao's Patterns”: Han Fei (Barbara Hendrischke, Sydney University, Australia)

Part II: Doubt, Predicament, Conflict: Cognitive, Affective and Epistemic Difficulties

6. Skepsis and Doubt: Ancient Greece and the East (Yasuhira Yahei Kanayama, Nagoya University, Japan)

7. Wisdowm and Cognitive Conflict: Outlines for Scepticism (Per Lind, Lund University, Sweden)

8. Understanding Fortune and Misfortune in a Good Life: 'Solon' and 'Confucius' (Hyun Jin Kim, University of Melbourne, Australia and Karen Hsu, University of Melbourne, Australia)

9. Emotion and Self-Cultivation: Marcus Aurelius and Mengzi (Jesse Ciccotti, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong)

10. Dislodging Mundane Wisdom: the Inner Chapters of the Zhuangzi and the New Testament Gospels (Lauren Pfister, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong)

Part III. Here, Now, Ever-after: How to Achieve and Practice a Good Life

11. Knowing How to Act: Aristotle (Sophie Grace Chappell, Open University, UK)

12. Learning to be Reliable: Confucius' Analects (Karyn Lai, University of New South Wales, Australia)

13. Auditory Perception and Cultivation: the Wenzi (Andrej Fech, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong)

14. Cultivation and the Arts of Writing: Liu Xie (Will Buckingham, Open University, UK)

15. Death and Happiness: Han China (Mu-chou Poo, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

Friday, January 18, 2019

道教経典の形成と仏教

Author:
神塚淑子 Kamitsuka, Yoshiko

Publication date:
2017

Publisher:
名古屋大学出版会 Nagoya Daigaku Shuppankai



Table of Contents:

序 章

第一篇 霊宝経の形成とその思想

第1章 霊宝経と初期江南仏教
       —— 因果応報思想を中心に

第2章 霊宝経における経典神聖化の論理
       —— 元始旧経の 「開劫度人」 説をめぐって

第3章 霊宝経に見える葛仙公
       —— 新経の成立をめぐって

第4章 六朝道教と 『荘子』
       —— 『真誥』・霊宝経・陸修静

第二篇 天尊像考

第1章 隋代の道教造像

第2章 天尊像・元始天尊像の成立と霊宝経

第3章 元始天尊をめぐる三教交渉

第三篇 道教経典と漢訳仏典

第1章 『海空智蔵経』 と 『涅槃経』
       —— 唐初道教経典の仏教受容

第2章 『海空智蔵経』 巻十 「普記品」 小考
       —— 道教経典と中国撰述仏典

第3章 仏典 『温室経』 と道典 『洗浴経』
     はじめに

第四篇 日本国内所蔵の道教関係敦煌写本

第1章 国立国会図書館所蔵の敦煌道経
     はじめに
     1 金録晨夜十方懺残巻 WB32-1 (3)
     2 道教叢書残巻 WB32-1 (30)

第2章 杏雨書屋所蔵の敦煌道経
     はじめに
     1 道教願文 杏雨書屋六七三R
     2 道経残簡 杏雨書屋六六六
     3 太玄真一本際経巻第七譬喩品 杏雨書屋六一六

第3章 京都国立博物館所蔵の敦煌道経
       —— 「太上洞玄霊宝妙経衆篇序章」 を中心に
     はじめに
     1 京都二五二 「太上業報因縁経巻第八」
     2 京都二五三 「太上洞玄霊宝妙経衆篇序章」
     3 道教史から見た 「太上洞玄霊宝妙経衆篇序章」

第五篇 唐代道教と上清派

第1章 則天武后期の道教

第2章 司馬承禎 『坐忘論』 について

  補 論 石刻坐忘論をめぐって

第3章 司馬承禎と天台山

終 章

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

古代日本と東部ユーラシアの国際関係

Author: 
廣瀬憲雄 (Hirose, Norio)

Publisher:
勉誠出版

Publication date:
October 2018



Abstract:
外交文書と外交儀礼を丹念に読み解き、5~9世紀の倭国・日本の対隋・唐・新羅・百済政策の実態を明らかにし、古代日本の外交関係と東部ユーラシアの国際秩序を体系的に考究。また、「東部ユーラシア」という新たな枠組みに基づき、柔然・突厥・吐蕃・回鶻・契丹など様々な遊牧勢力を含む地域全体を、独自の支配理念や国際秩序が多数存在する場として理解する新しい世界史像の可能性を示す。

Table of Contents:

東部ユーラシア地図

序 章 東部ユーラシアと東アジア―政治圏と文化圏の設定―

第一部 五代両宋/遼金時代の外交文書と国際関係
 第一章 隋唐五代両宋期における「致書文書」の再検討と五代十国の外交関係
 第二章 宋代東部ユーラシアにおける外交文書と国際関係

第二部 南北朝―隋代の東部ユーラシアと倭国
 第一章 五・六世紀東部ユーラシアの外交文書と外交儀礼―南北朝と柔然の事例から―
 第二章 倭の五王の冊封と劉宋遣使―倭王武を中心に―
 第三章 「日出処天子」外交文書再考―典故と翻訳の問題から―

第三部 唐の全盛期と倭国・日本の外交関係
 第一章 『日本書紀』皇極紀百済関係記事の再検討
 第二章 七世紀後半における倭国の外交儀礼
 第三章 七世紀後半から八世紀前半の倭国・日本―新羅関係

第四部 八・九世紀日本の外交関係と君臣秩序
 第一章 渤海の対日本外交文書について―六国史と『類聚国史』の写本調査から―
 第二章 九世紀日本の君臣秩序と辞官・致仕の上表―状と批答に注目して―

終章 日本―渤海間の擬制親族関係について―東部ユーラシアの視点から―

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Ships of the Silk Road: The Bactrian Camel in Chinese Jade

Author:
Angus Forsyth

Publication date:
December 2018

Publisher:
Philip Wilson Publishers



Abstract:

For hundreds of years the Bactrian camel ploughed a lonely furrow across the vast wilderness of Asia. This bizarre-looking, temperamental yet hardy creature here came into its own as the core goods vehicle, resolutely and reliably transporting to China – over huge and unforgiving distances – fine things from the West while taking treasures out of the Middle Kingdom in return. Where the chariot, wagon and other wheeled conveyances proved useless amidst the shifting desert dunes, the surefooted progress of the camel – archetypal 'ship of the Silk Road' – now reigned supreme. The Bactrian camel was a subject that appealed particularly to Chinese artists because of its association with the exotic trade to mysterious Western lands. In his lavishly illustrated volume, Angus Forsyth explores diverse jade pieces depicting this iconic beast of burden. Almost one hundred separate objects are included, many of which have not been seen in print before. At the same time the author offers the full historical background to his subject. The book will have a strong appeal to collectors and art historians alike.

Friday, January 11, 2019

[Dissertation] Erlitou and Its Neighbors: Contextualizing Interregional Interaction in the Central Yellow River Region in Ancient China

Author: 
Lee, Hsiu-Ping

School: 
UCLA

Defended: 
2018

Abstract: 

The primary goal of this dissertation is to explore various possible interaction patterns between Erlitou and its neighboring regions through the approach of contextualization. Under the presupposition that Erlitou was the political center of ancient China, the interregional interaction between Erlitou and its neighboring regions were always interpreted as a “center-periphery” relationship. Instead of Erlitou-centered perspective, this dissertation attempts to adopt the approach of contextualization, investigating how the three main core areas in ancient China, namely the Henan Region in which Erlitou was located, as well as the Hedong Region and the Henei Region which were two major neighboring regions of Erlitou, interacted with each other during the second quarter of the second millennium BC. In the past, scholars put more emphasis on how the center influenced its peripheries. However, this dissertation will also investigate how the peripheries influenced the center and how peripheries interacted with each other. The approach of contextualizing exotic artifacts within local settings provides crucial insights, helping us to reexamine the interaction patterns between the Henan, Hedong, and Henei Regions. The research results reveal a highly complicated interaction network between these three regions during the Erlitou Period. First of all, the relationship between the Henan Region and the Henei Region was getting tense over time due to military conflicts. Besides, the Henei Region revealed a greater influence on the Henan Region. Second, the relationship between the Henan Region and the Hedong Region may have been marked by competition over the metal resources for casting bronze objects. However, the Henan Region seems to have displayed a greater influence on the Hedong Region. Finally, the relationship between the Hedong Region and the Henei Region seems to have been steady. Probably these two regions maintained a situation of peaceful coexistence for a long time in the Erlitou Period.

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Previous Research into Interregional Interaction between Erlitou and ItsNeighbors

Chapter 3 Unidirectional Models, Interactional Approaches, and ContextualizationTheory

Chapter 4 Contextualizing Local Remains and Exotic Artifacts in the HenanRegion

Chapter 5 Contextualizing Local Remains and Exotic Artifacts in the Hedong Region

Chapter 6 Contextualizing Local Remains and Exotic Artifacts in the Henei Region

Chapter 7 Contextualizing the Remains of the Contact Zone between the Henan, Hedong and Henei Region

Chapter 8 Rethinking the Interregional Interaction in the Central Yellow River Region and beyond