Sunday, June 30, 2019

三国志とその後の倭国

Author:
堀内淳一 (HORIUCHI Junichi)

Publisher:
皇學館大学出版部

Publication date:
February 2019




Table of Contents:

一、『三国志』にみえる倭国
二、「広開土王碑」にみえる高句麗と倭国
三、倭の五王と彼らの官職
四、「梁職貢図」にみえる東アジア
五、まとめ

Friday, June 28, 2019

Asian Studies Vol 7 No 2 (2019): Meaning and transformation of Chinese funerary art during the Han and Wei Jin Nanbei periods




Table of Contents:

Guest Editor’s Foreword
Guest Editor’s Foreword
Nataša Vampelj Suhadolnik https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8589
5-9

Fuxi and Nüwa from Centre to Periphery
Integration and Transformation: A Study of the Sun and the Moon Depicted in the Imagery of Fuxi and Nüwa
Jinchao Zhao https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8390
13-45

Transmission of Han Pictorial Motifs into the Western Periphery: Fuxi and Nüwa in the Wei-Jin Mural Tombs in the Hexi Corridor
Nataša Vampelj Suhadolnik https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8458
47-86

Chinese-Buddhist Encounter: Synthesis of Fuxi-Nüwa and the Cintamani in Early Medieval Chinese Art
Fan Zhang https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8318
87-111

Meaning of the Bi Disc and the Hunping Spirit Jar

Representation of Heaven and Beyond
The Bi Disc Imagery in the Han Burial Context
Hau-ling Eileen Lam https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8415
115-151

The Meaning of Birds on Hunping (Spirit Jars)
The Religious Imagination of Second to Fourth century Jiangnan
Keith Nathaniel Knapp https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8471
153-172

Tomb Iconography in the Territory between the southwestern to northern Frontiers

Cliff Tomb Burial and Decorated Stone Sarcophagi from Sichuan from the Eastern Han Dynasty
Hajni Pejsue Elias https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8212
175-201

Dual Portraits of the Deceased in Yangqiaopan M1, Jingbian, Shaanxi
Leslie Wallace https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8311
203-219

The Representation of Military Troops in Pingcheng Tombs and the Private Household Institution of Buqu in Practice https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/view/8313
Chin-Yin Tseng
221-243


Wednesday, June 26, 2019

The East Asian World-System: Climate and Dynastic Change

Author:
Eugene N. Anderson

Publisher:
Springer

Publication date:
June 2019




Abstract:
This book studies the East Asian world-system and its dynastic cycles as they were influenced by climate and demographic change, diseases, the expansion of trade, and the rise of science and technology. By studying the history of East Asia until the beginning of the 20th century and offering a comparative perspective on East Asian countries, including China, Japan and Korea, it describes the historical evolution of the East Asian world-system as being the result of good or poor management of the respective populations and environments. Lastly, the book discusses how the East Asian regions have become integrated into a single world-system by a combination of trade, commerce, and military action. Given its scope, the book will appeal to scholars of history, sociology, political science and environmental studies, and to anyone interested in learning about the effects of climate change on the dynamic development of societies. 

Table of Contents:

Theoretical Overview

Cycles and Cycling

Before Empire: State Formation in China and Proto-states Elsewhere

The Creation of Stable Dynastic Empires in East and Southeast Asia

High Empire: The Glory Days of Early Medieval Eastern Asia

The Rise of Central Asia: 
Coastal Golden Ages Increasingly Threatened by Conquest Dynasties from the Deep Interior

The Mongol Conquests of China and Korea and Invasion of Japan

Long-Lived Dynasties: Ming and Its Contemporaries

The Early Modern Period in the East Asian World-System

Lessons: Factors Driving the Rise and Fall of Dynasties

Comparisons: Cycles and Empires in Agrarian Worlds

What East Asia’s Dynamics Teach Us about Climate, Society, and Change in the Modern and Future World

Friday, June 21, 2019

Empire of Style: Silk and Fashion in Tang China

Author:
BuYun Chen

Publisher:
University of Washington Press

Publication date:
May 14, 2019




Abstract:
Tang dynasty (618–907) China hummed with cosmopolitan trends. Its capital at Chang'an was the most populous city in the world and was connected via the Silk Road with the critical markets and thriving cultures of Central Asia and the Middle East. In Empire of Style, BuYun Chen reveals a vibrant fashion system that emerged through the efforts of Tang artisans, wearers, and critics of clothing. Across the empire, elite men and women subverted regulations on dress to acquire majestic silks and au courant designs, as shifts in economic and social structures gave rise to what we now recognize as precursors of a modern fashion system: a new consciousness of time, a game of imitation and emulation, and a shift in modes of production.

This first book on fashion in premodern China is informed by archaeological sources―paintings, figurines, and silk artifacts―and textual records such as dynastic annals, poetry, tax documents, economic treatises, and sumptuary laws. Tang fashion is shown to have flourished in response to a confluence of social, economic, and political changes that brought innovative weavers and chic court elites to the forefront of history.

Table of Contents:

Part 1 Traces
History : cloth and the logics of cosmopolitan empire
Discourse : fashion and sumptuary regulation

Part 2 Surfaces
Style : fashioning the Tang beauty
Design : silk and the logics of fashion
Desire : men of style and the metrics of fashion


Friday, June 14, 2019

三国志の考古学: 出土資料からみた三国志と三国時代

Author:
関尾史郎 (Sekio, Shiro)

Publisher:
東方書店

Publication date:
June, 2019




Abstract:

小説『三国志演義』の描く英雄たちの活躍によって、日本でもよく知られている三国時代。本書では、その三国時代について、『三国志演義』ではなく、史書の『三国志』でもなく、発掘調査によって中国各地で出土した資料によりながら考える。曹操の墓である高陵の発見は記憶に新しいところだが、この高陵や、呉の名将である朱然の墓からは貴重な文物が出土している。そして七万点以上という、一地点からの出土枚数としては最大を記録した走馬楼呉簡など、三国時代に関する出土資料は近年増加の一途をたどっている。本書では、簡牘や石刻をはじめ、漆器・陶器や画像石・墓葬壁画に至るまで、多種多様な出土資料を取り上げ、膨大な研究史を整理したうえで、新たな知見を提供する。また、それをふまえて史書『三国志』の解釈にも見直しを迫っている。

Table of Contents:

はしがき
第一章 曹氏の人びと――曹氏一族墓と出土刻字塼
はじめに
一 『三国志』のなかの曹氏一族
二 『水經注』に記された曹氏一族墓
三 発見された曹氏一族墓
四 刻字塼とは
五 姓名塼を読み解く――曹氏塼
六 姓名塼を読み解く――曹氏塼以外の姓名塼
おわりに

第二章 曹操の死――高陵とその出土文物
はじめに
一 魯潜墓誌
二 高陵の発掘とその後の経緯
三 出土石牌とその意義
四 画像石の題記から
おわりに

第三章 名刺と名謁―朱然墓出土簡牘
はじめに
一 朱然とその家族墓
二 朱然墓出土の漆器類
三 名謁、名刺とは
四 名謁
五 名刺
おわりに

第四章 呉の地方行政と地域社会――長沙走馬楼呉簡
はじめに
一 後漢末の長沙郡
二 走馬楼呉簡とは
三 走馬楼呉簡の世界
四 走馬楼呉簡からみた呉・蛮抗争
おわりに

第五章 諸葛亮の「北伐」と涼州――高台地埂坡四号墓壁画ほか
はじめに
一 「涼州諸国王」の正体
二 懸泉置漢簡と「古代書簡」から
三 河西の塼画と壁画から
四 「涼州諸国王」の環境と方向性
おわりに

第六章 魏と中央アジア――トゥルファン出土墓誌と敦煌出土鎮墓瓶
はじめに
一 西域戊己校尉の復活が意味するもの
二 トゥルファンと敦煌のその後から考える
おわりに

あとがき

Friday, June 7, 2019

In Pursuit of the Great Peace: Han Dynasty Classicism and the Making of Early Medieval Literati Culture

Author:
ZHAO Lu 趙璐

Release Date:
June 2019

Publisher:
State University of New York Press




Abstract:

Through an examination of the Great Peace (taiping 太平), one of the first utopian visions in Chinese history, Zhao Lu describes the transformation of literati culture that occurred during the Han Dynasty. Driven by anxiety over losing the mandate of Heaven, the imperial court encouraged classicism in order to establish the Great Peace and follow Heaven’s will. But instead of treating the literati as puppets of competing and imagined lineages, Zhao uses sociological methods to reconstruct their daily lives and to show how they created their own thought by adopting, modifying, and opposing the work of their contemporaries and predecessors. The literati who served as bureaucrats in the first century BCE gradually became classicists who depended on social networking as they traveled to study the classics. By the second century CE, classicism had dissolved in this traveling culture and the literati began to expand the corpus of knowledge beyond the accepted canon. Thus, far from being static, classicism in Han China was full of innovation, and ultimately gave birth to both literary writing and religious Daoism.

Table of Contents:

Introduction

1. Toward a Zeal for Classicism: Intellectual Transitions from 74 BC to AD 9 China
The Search for Heaven’s Will in Emperor Xuan’s Period
Toward the Great Peace: Emperor Yuan and the Restoration of the Kingly Way
The Six Classics: Complete and Fundamental
Restoring the Original Six Classics or Getting Rid of Them: Two Paths of Innovation
Concluding Remarks

2. The Conflation between Heaven and the Classics: The Rise of Apocrypha (chenwei 讖緯)
Discovering the Heavenly Nature of the Classics
Forming a Tradition: The Sociopolitical Background of the Emergence of the Apocryphal Texts
A Case Study: Liu Xiu’s Feng and Shan Sacrifices
Concluding Remarks

3. Apocrypha, Confucius, and Monarchy in Emperor Ming’s Reign (AD 58–75)
Xuan sheng 玄聖: The Dark Sage
Su Wang 素王, the “Uncrowned King”
Zixia 子夏 and Confucius: A Political Analogy
Concluding Remarks

4. Finding Teachers versus Making Friends: The Gradual Departure from Classicism in the First Two Centuries AD
How to Succeed in the Han: Sketching the Han Official Recruitment System
How One Learned Classical Knowledge in the Han: Schools and Curricula
Ma Rong and His Friends: A Case Study of Horizontal Relationships
Concluding Remarks

5. The Radical and the Conservative: Zheng Xuan 鄭玄, He Xiu 何休, the Scripture of the Great Peace 太平經, and Their Stances on the Classics
Zheng Xuan and His Scholarship
He Xiu and His Return to the Gongyang Tradition
The (Re)emergence of the Scripture of the Great Peace
Concluding Remarks

Conclusion
Han Intellectual Communities and Their Features
The Matter of the Great Peace
The Production of Innovation and Its Driving Force
The Impact and Legacy of Classicism

Appendix 1. The Chinese Classics
Appendix 2. The Origin of the Old Script / New Script Controversy
Appendix 3. The Contrast-Debate Model and Its Critique
Appendix 4. The Assumptions of Confucian Empire and Its Problems
Appendix 5. Apocryphal Texts: A History of Superstition and Adulation
Appendix 6. Chen 讖, Wei 緯, and Apocrypha: A Matter of Definition

Tuesday, June 4, 2019

Mouse vs. Cat in Chinese Literature Tales and Commentary

Translator:
Wilt L. Idema

Publisher:
University of Washington Press

Publication date:
Feb 28, 2019




Abstract:

In literatures worldwide, animal fables have been analyzed for their revealingly anthropomorphic views, but until now little attention has been given to the animal tales of China. The complex, competitive relationship between rodents (vilified as thieves of grain) and the felines with whom they are perennially at war is explored in this presentation of Chinese tales about cats and mice. Master translator Wilt Idema situates them in an overview of animal tales in world literature, in the Chinese literary tradition as a whole, and within Chinese imaginative depictions of animals.

The tales demonstrate the animals’ symbolism and their unusually prominent—and verbal—role in the stories. These readings depict cats and mice in conflict, in marital bonds, and in litigation—most centrally in a legal case of a mouse against a cat in the underworld court of King Yama. Many of the stories adopt the perspective of the mice as animals merely trying to survive, while also recognizing that cats are natural hunters.

This entertaining volume will appeal to readers interested in Chinese literature and society, comparative literature, and posthumanist consideration of human-animal relations.

Table of Contents:

Introduction p. 3
Chapter 1 Thieving Rats and Pampered Cats p. 22
    Rapacious Rats p. 23
    Deserving Mice p. 27
    Performing Mice p. 28
    Revered Rats p. 31
    Wildcats and Pussycats p. 34
    Buddhist Cats p. 38
    Good Mousers and Lazy Pets p. 41
    Demonic Cats p. 48
    Cat Lovers and Cat Lore p. 53

Chapter 2 The White Mouse and the Five Rats p. 56
    The White Mouse p. 57
    The Five Rats p. 65
    The Execution of the Five Rats p. 70

Chapter 3 A Wedding and a Court Case p. 82
    The Marriage of the Mouse p. 82
    The Court Case p. 90
    Other Genres p. 102
    The Mutual Accusations of the Cat and the Mouse p. 103
    The Scroll of the Accusation of the Mouse against the Cat p. 108

Chapter 4 A Tale without Shape or Shadow p. 114
    Expanding the Court Case p. 114
    Prequels: Creation and Pride p. 118
    Prequels: The Crashed Wedding p. 123
    Prequels: The War of the Mice against the Cat p. 127
    A Tale without Shape or Shadow p. 131

Chapter 5 Peace Negotiations and Dystopias p. 154
    Actualized Versions of the Court Case p. 156
    Modern and Contemporary Authors on Cats and Rats p. 163

Epilogue: Cats and Mice in Love and War from East to West

Sunday, June 2, 2019

The Grand Scribe's Records, Volume V.1 The Hereditary Houses of Pre-Han China, Part I

Author: 
Ssu-ma Ch'ien

Editor:
William H. Nienhauser, Jr.

Translators:
Weiguo Cao, Zhi Chen, Scott Cook, Hongyu Huang, Bruce Knickerbocker, William H. Nienhauser, Jr., Wang Jing, Zhang Zhenjun and Zhao Hua

Publication date: 
02/27/2019

Publisher:
Indiana University Press




Abstract:
With Part I of the two-part fifth volume of Ssu-ma Ch’ien’s Shi chi (The Grand Scribe’s Records), we enter the world of the shih chia 世家 or "hereditary houses." These ten chapters trace the history of China’s first states, from their establishment in the 11th century B.C. until their incorporation in the first empire under the Ch’in in 221 B.C. Combining myth, anecdote, chronicle, and biography based on early written and oral sources, many no longer extant, the narratives make for compelling reading, as dramatic and readable as any in this grand history.

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgments
Introduction (William H. Nienhauser, Jr.)
On Using this Book
A Note on Terms
Weights and Measures (Lu Zongli)
List of Abbreviations

Hereditary House 1 (Zhi Chen and William H. Nienhauser, Jr., translators)
Hereditary House 2 (Bruce Knickerbocker, translator)
Hereditary House 3 (Weiguo Cao, translator)
Hereditary House 4 (Hongyu Huang, translator)
Hereditary House 5 (William H. Nienhauser, Jr., translator)
Hereditary House 6 (Wang Jing, translator)
Hereditary House 7 (Scott Cook, translator)
Hereditary House 8 (Zhenjun Zhang, translator)
Hereditary House 9 (Zhao Hua and William H. Nienhauser, Jr., translators)
Hereditary House 10 (Weiguo Cao, translator)

Frequently Mentioned Commentators
Biographical Sketches of Shih chi Commentators (Juri Kroll)
Selected Recent Studies of the Shih chi
Index
Maps

Saturday, June 1, 2019

隋唐外務官僚の研究 : 鴻臚寺官僚・遣外使節を中心に

Author:
石, 暁軍 (セキ, ギョウグン)

Publisher:
東方書店

Publication date:
2019



Table of Contents:

序説

上篇 隋唐鴻臚寺と鴻臚寺官僚に関する研究

第一部 隋唐時代における鴻臚寺の構造及び位置づけ
    -その外務機能を中心に-
まえがき
第一章 隋唐鴻臚寺の組織構造について
第二章 隋唐時代における鴻臚寺の附属機関
    -鴻臚客館・礼賓院・左右威遠営及び外宅・四方館-
第三章 外務システムにおける鴻臚寺の位置-諸官庁との関係を中心に

第二部 隋唐時代における鴻臚卿授官・任官考
第一章 序論
第二章 隋代鴻臚卿授官・任官考
第三章 唐代鴻臚卿授官・任官考
附章 隋唐時代における鴻臚少卿授官・任官考

第三部 鴻臚卿・鴻臚少卿を通じてみた隋唐時代の外務官僚
まえがき
第一章 前任ポストからみた鴻臚卿と鴻臚少卿
第二章 後任ポストからみた鴻臚卿と鴻臚少卿
第三章 隋唐時代における鴻臚卿・鴻臚少卿の理想像と実像

下篇 隋唐遣外使に関する研究

第一部 隋唐時代における遣外使の構造
まえがき
第一章 隋唐時代における遣外使の概観
第二章 遣外使節団の組織-唐代を中心として
第三章 唐代の使職・使院と遣外使

第二部 遣外使節からみた隋唐時代の外務兼担官僚
まえがき
第一章 本官からみた遣外使節の選任傾向
第二章 隋唐時代における遣外使節の仮官と賜位について